Report of the Secretary-General on women, peace and security (S / 2021/827) [EN/AR/RU/ZH] – World
1. This report is prepared in accordance with the presidential statement dated October 26, 2010 (S / PRST / 2010/22), in which the Security Council requested annual reports on the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000) ; resolution 2122 (2013), which called for updates on progress in all areas of the women, peace and security agenda, highlighting gaps and challenges; and resolution 2493 (2019), which called for enhanced measures to fully implement the program. It responds to the Secretary-General’s directives to the United Nations and to the five decade goals set out in the Secretary-General’s reports on women, peace and security for 2019 and 2020, with particular attention to the goal of reverse the upward trajectory of global military spending to encourage greater investment in infrastructure and social services that enhance human security.
2. In October 2020, the international community commemorated the twentieth anniversary of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security at hundreds of mostly virtual events around the world. By that time, the impact of the coronavirus disease pandemic (COVID-19) on both international peace and security and on gender equality was already devastating and is expected to worsen. A year later, these predictions have largely proven to be correct. For example, 100 million people are food insecure today as a result of conflict, up from 77 million just a year ago. By the end of 2020, the number of people forcibly displaced due to conflict, humanitarian crises, persecution, violence and human rights violations had risen to 82.4 million, the highest number on record and over double the level of ten years ago.
3. Meanwhile, even though the response to the COVID-19 pandemic added to the evidence of the effectiveness of women’s leadership at the highest levels, women continued to be under-represented in this response and in other decision-making forums, expelled from the labor market. and subjected to a wave of violence across the world from the entry into force of lockdowns and quarantines. This marginalization has a negative impact on crisis prevention and recovery as well as on international peace and security in general. Almost a hundred studies indicate some type of link between gender and gender inequality and violent outcomes.
4. The recent Taliban takeover of Afghanistan has garnered much world attention. But in the months leading up to it, the United Nations had already documented a record number of women killed in the country in 2020, including civil society activists and journalists, and the targeting of academics, vaccinators and even female Supreme Court judges. And yet Afghan women were not among the negotiators with the Taliban in 2020. When delegates representing the Taliban and the Afghan government met in Moscow in March 2021 to discuss the peace negotiations, there was only one only one woman among them. This juxtaposition of violence targeting women and their rights, on the one hand, and their extreme marginalization and exclusion, on the other, still sums up the agenda for women, peace and security in 2021.
5. Further examples of gaps are presented in this report, which draws on data and analysis provided by entities of the United Nations system, including peacekeeping operations and United Nations country teams. United; contribution from Member States, regional organizations and civil society; and analysis of other globally recognized data sources. Here are some examples :
a) In 2020, women represented only 23% of delegates in UN-led or co-led peace processes. Without the measures adopted by the United Nations, this number would have been even lower;
b) After a downward trend, the percentage of peace agreements with gender equality provisions has started to increase, but at 28.6% the share remains well below the peak of 37.1% recorded in 2015. None of the ceasefire agreements concluded between 2018 and 2020 included gender provisions;
(c) As of December 31, 2020, only 5.2% of the military personnel in peace operations were women, which is below the target of 6.5% set by the United Nations for 2020;
d) Only 42% of the more than 3,100 policy measures adopted worldwide to respond to the social and economic consequences of COVID-19 can be considered gender-sensitive, and a similar proportion is found in countries affected by conflict;
(e) In countries that spend relatively more on the military as a percentage of public spending, pandemic-related measures aimed at meeting the special needs of women and girls during this crisis were significantly fewer;
f) In terms of humanitarian funding, sectors addressing gender-based violence and reproductive health received only 33% and 43% of requested funding, respectively, compared to an average of 61% for all appeals. United Nations;
(g) In countries in conflict and emerging from conflict, women hold only 18.9% of parliamentary seats, against 25.5% in the world, which itself is still too low a figure;
(h) The representation of women in public administration in fragile and conflict-affected countries averages only 23%, less than half of the average for all other countries;
(i) Women represent only a quarter of the members of the COVID-19 working groups examined in 36 countries in conflict and post-conflict;
j) Bilateral aid to women’s rights organizations and movements in fragile and conflict-affected countries remains surprisingly low, well below 1%, and has stagnated since 2010.