Protection monitoring in Peru: Overview (April – June 2022) – Peru

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This snapshot summarizes key findings from protection monitoring conducted in Lima, Peru, between April and June 2022 as part of the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and ENCUENTROS SJM’s humanitarian response in the country. This project is implemented with funding from the European Union Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid (ECHO) and through a consortium named “Alliance for Protection Programming (AFPP)” which includes two international NGOs : the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and Humanity and Inclusion (HI).

To view the interactive dashboard with results for this period and since the start of the protection monitoring program, click here.

INTRODUCTION

Between April and June 2022, DRC and ENCUENTROS SJM interviewed 172 households representing a total of 590 people. Since the start of the protection monitoring exercise in Peru in October 2020, 1,402 households have been interviewed, reaching a total of 4,906 people.

CONTEXT UPDATE

How an approved $3 million in funding from the World Bank and the Government of Canada could strengthen institutional efforts to promote the integration and protection of the human rights of the Venezuelan population in Peru

  • During the reporting period, the World Bank and the Government of Canada announced the release of $3 million in funding, with the governments of Colombia and Peru being the main recipients. This funding will aim to help the Government of Peru identify and implement innovative practices and policies with a triple objective; improve the social inclusion and integration of the Venezuelan population through socio-economic initiatives that promote social cohesion, further improve the delivery of quality social services with a focus on meeting the needs of vulnerable communities and further strengthen institutional and legal policies that seek to advance existing agendas such as the regulation of legal documentation.

  • One of the biggest obstacles faced by the Venezuelan population is their involvement in informal employment, resulting from the lack of legal documentation. As revealed by a multisectoral study, carried out by Action against Hunger in the metropolis of Lima and Callao, almost 80% of Venezuelan migrants and refugees are forced to be employed informally, due to the lack of documentation. which also seriously compromises their access. social programs, educational services and health insurance.

  • The absence of legal documents or authorization for regular stay in Peru, lack of guaranteed access to fundamental rights for Venezuelan migrants and refugees. Food security remains one of the biggest challenges for affected populations, who have been forced to resort to negative coping mechanisms such as reducing meals per day or decreasing food consumption by adults, giving priority to the needs of minors. In May 2022, 70% of refugee and migrant populations surveyed from Venezuela reported moderate (32.2%) or severe (38.3%) food insecurity, due to their inability to find employment , either due to a lack of documentation or negative and xenophobic social perceptions as manifested on behalf of local communities.

  • In addition to the lack of documents attesting to regular entry into the country, weak legislation on the hiring of foreign workers, discrimination based on nationality and the reduction of employment opportunities, further hinder access to Peruvian labor for migrant and refugee populations from Venezuela, increasing the risks of food insecurity, labor exploitation and the general physical and psychological well-being of the affected population.

Integrated migration control has restarted at the borders between Peru and Chile.

Since April 2022, the border authorities of Peru and Chile have restarted migration control at the crossing points of Santa Rosa in Tacna and the Chacalluta complex in Arica. This activity is part of the Integrated Migration Control, which has been agreed and implemented by both countries, with the aim of better monitoring migration and refugee flows between Peru and Chile.

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