Despite implementation of peace agreement, insecurity persists in Darfur, Says Sudan Sanctions Committee chairperson to Security Council – Sudan
SC / 14632
Measures “no longer correspond to the reality on the ground” Stress of the delegates
While Sudan’s post-revolutionary reforms continue to make progress and much of the peace is maintained, implementation of the 2020 Juba Peace Agreement remains slow and the persistence of inter-communal violence continues to rage. in the Darfur region, the Security Council said today as the head of that country’s sanctions committee presented his quarterly update.
Sven Jürgenson (Estonia), briefing the 15-member body in his capacity as Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1591 (2005) concerning the Sudan, described developments for the period from June 14 to September 14. He said the Committee had held its first informal in-person consultation since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic and had received the Panel’s interim report on Sudan as well as a briefing on its contents. He then issued a press release.
Among other things, he said that the Panel of Experts on Sudan briefed the Committee on the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement, regional dynamics, status of armed groups in the region, inter-communal violence and human rights violations. The Government of the Sudan and the movements signatory to the Juba Peace Agreement have continued to promote peace in the Sudan, including Darfur. However, the Panel made it clear that, with the exception of power-sharing agreements, the implementation of the Peace Agreement has experienced delays. At the same time, the regional context remains mostly favorable to the peace process in Darfur.
Regarding the activities of the armed movements, he said that the Group informed the Committee that the Sudan Liberation Army / Abdul Wahid (SLA / AW) remained present in the Jebel Marra region. At the same time, sporadic fighting took place during the reporting period in northern Jebel Marra between the SLA / AW and government forces. The mining revenues have helped SLA / AW to build its capacity in terms of recruitment, training and weaponry. In addition, movements signatory to the Juba Peace Agreement returned to Darfur, some of them engaged in recruitment, while keeping a number of troops and weapons in Libya.
He reported on the Group’s assertion that, due to delays in the implementation of the Peace Agreement, insecurity persists in many parts of Darfur. “Despite the government’s commitment to improve security, the Panel reported that intercommunal violence, attacks on civilians by SLA / AW factions, human rights violations, including acts of sexual violence in times of conflict , have been recorded, ”he said. In this context, strengthening the protection of civilians in Darfur continues to be of paramount importance and must be accelerated. The Group also cited the need to redouble efforts to tackle the underlying drivers of the conflict in Darfur, including competition for scarce local resources.
On the travel ban and asset freeze, he said the Panel said implementation remains a challenge. A new case of violation of a travel ban occurred when a listed individual, Musa Hilal, visited Chad in April 2021. Reiterating that the targeted measures and the arms embargo in Darfur are aimed at sole objective of helping Sudan achieve peace, he said. The Committee is helping the upcoming review of sanctions in order to best support the country in this ultimate goal.
In response to this briefing, Abdalla Adlan Ali Ombali (Sudan) reaffirmed his government’s long-standing principled position rejecting the sanctions imposed on the country. “These sanctions no longer correspond to the reality on the ground in Darfur, compared to 2005 when they were imposed”, he stressed, adding that it is incumbent on the Council to face the new reality in its country. Indeed, the situation in Darfur continues to improve every day, with a ceasefire in effect since it was first announced. The Government is implementing the Juba Peace Agreement, has deployed a joint civil protection force and is working to address the challenges facing internally displaced people and refugees.
Adding that the government continues to engage the SLA / AW faction and prevent inter-communal violence, he said it is also working to promote and protect children’s rights. Dedicated units for the protection of women and children have been deployed throughout the Sudanese Armed Forces, which respond quickly to cases of violence. Stressing the need to accelerate the capacity building of the Sudanese Forces to combat the activities of armed groups, he said that the lifting of sanctions will help Sudan more quickly become a country that lives in peace across its borders. The government will continue to cooperate closely with the Council, but it will not accept any extension of sanctions that does not meet with its approval, including measures that are unreasonable or that cannot be measured against clear criteria. “We expect to be treated fairly and objectively,” he said.
The meeting started at 10:04 am and ended at 10:19 am
For news media. Not an official record.